Special report on Internet surveillance, focusing on 5 governments and 5 companies “Enemies of the Internet”

first_imgNews Help by sharing this information Organisation RSF_en Today, 12 March, World Day Against Cyber-Censorship, Reporters Without Borders is releasing a Special report on Internet surveillance, available at surveillance.rsf.org/en. It looks at the way governments are increasingly using technology that monitors online activity and intercepts electronic communication in order to arrest journalists, citizen-journalists and dissidents. Around 180 netizens worldwide are currently in prison for providing news and information online.For this year’s “Enemies of the Internet” report, Reporters Without Borders has identified Five State Enemies of the Internet, five “spy” states that conduct systematic online surveillance that results in serious human rights violations. They are Syria, China, Iran, Bahrain and Vietnam. Surveillance in these countries targets dissidents and has grown in recent months. Cyber-attacks and intrusions, including the use of malware against dissidents and their networks, are on the increase.China, whose Electronic Great Wall is probably the world’s most sophisticated censorship system, has stepped up its war on the use of anonymization tools and has enlisted private-sector Internet companies to help monitor Internet users. Iran has taken online surveillance to a new level by developing its own national Internet, or “Halal Internet.” As regards Syria, Reporters Without Borders has obtained an unpublished document – a 1999 invitation by the Syrian Telecommunications Establishment to bid for a national Internet network in Syria – which shows that its Internet was designed from the outset to include extensive filtering and surveillance.Without advanced technology, authoritarian regimes would not be able to spy on their citizens. Reporters Without Borders has for the first time compiled a list of five “Corporate Enemies of the Internet,” five private sector companies that it regards as “digital era mercenaries” because they sell products that are used by authoritarian governments to commit violations of human rights and freedom of information. They are Gamma, Trovicor, Hacking Team, Amesys and Blue Coat.Trovicor’s surveillance and interception products have enabled Bahrain’s royal family to spy on news providers and arrest them. In Syria, Deep Packet Inspection products developed by Blue Coat made it possible for the regime to spy on dissidents and netizens throughout the country, and to arrest and torture them. Eagle products supplied by Amesys were discovered in the offices of Muammar Gaddafi’s secret police. Malware designed by Hacking Team and Gamma has been used by governments to capture the passwords of journalists and netizens.“Online surveillance is a growing danger for journalists, citizen-journalists, bloggers and human rights defenders,” Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire said. “Regimes seeking to control news and information increasingly prefer to act discreetly. Rather than resort to content blocking that generates bad publicity and is early circumvented, they prefer subtle forms of censorship and surveillance that their targets are often unaware of.“As surveillance hardware and software provided by companies based in democratic countries is being used to commit grave human rights violations, and as the leaders of these countries say they condemn violations of online freedom of expression, it is time they took firm measures. Above all, they should impose strict controls on the export of digital arms to countries that flout fundamental rights.”Negotiations between governments already led in July 1996 to the Wassenaar Arrangement, which aims to promote “transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus preventing destabilizing accumulations.” Forty countries, including France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States are nowadays party to the agreement.By demonstrating the importance of online information, the Arab Spring reinforced authoritarian governments’ understanding of the advantages of monitoring and controlling Internet data and communication. Democratic countries also seem increasingly ready to yield to the siren song of the need for surveillance and cyber-security at any cost. This is evident from all the potentially repressive laws and bills such as FISAA and CISPA in the United States, the Communications Data Bill in Britain and the Wetgeving Bestrijding Cybercrime in the Netherlands.Reporters Without Borders has made a “digital survival kit” available on the WeFightCensorship.org website in order to help online news providers evade increasingly active and intrusive surveillance. Note: The 2013 “Enemies of the Internet” report is different from previous years’ reports. Instead of trying to cover all forms of cyber-censorship in all countries, it focuses on the subject of online surveillance. It takes a close look at the activities of five countries and five companies that are “leaders” in this domain, but the list is far from exhaustive. The fact that countries that figured in the 2012 list of “Enemies of the Internet” do not appear in the 2013 list does not mean there has been any improvement in online freedom of information in those countries. Read about other noteworthy developments in the field of cyber-censorship in the past year here. center_img Related documents “Репортеры без границ” публикуют “Специальный доклад о сетевом мониторинге”PDF – 236.7 KB ENEMIES OF THE INTERNET 2013Read in Russian / Читать по-русски March 15, 2013 – Updated on January 25, 2016 Special report on Internet surveillance, focusing on 5 governments and 5 companies “Enemies of the Internet”last_img read more

Deal on Irelands debt could be reached

first_img Pinterest Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR WhatsApp Google+ Twitter Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire A deal to save Ireland billions of euro, by extending the amount of time it has to repay part of the bailout debt, could be reached in Brussels today.Talks on extending the maturities on the portion of the bailout that came from Europe will continue among EU Finance Ministers today – and it’s understood the Eurozone Ministers are looking favourably on the deal.The Finance Minister Michael Noonan will chair today’s meeting of all 27 EU Finance Ministers in Brussels – with a deal on extending the maturities of the EU loans received by Ireland and Portugal on the agenda.The proposals would see the length of time Ireland has to repay its debt extended from 12 years for most of the loans – to 15 years, saving billions of euro and taking some of the pressure for harsh budgets off the Government.It’s understood the IMF will not be extend the maturities on its part of the bailout.The Government is cautiously optimistic that a deal will be reached today. Pinterest Twitter 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North center_img Facebook Deal on Irelands debt could be reached Facebook Previous articleMan dies in Galway crashNext articleCreeslough family ‘humbled’ by local support for struggling businesses News Highland By News Highland – March 5, 2013 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic News Google+ WhatsApp Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal last_img read more

RAN Officers Ensure Smooth Sailing during KAKADU

first_imgWhile the focus of attention during Exercise KAKADU 2014 is on the interoperability of the coalition fleet at sea in the waters north of Australia, several teams of people have been working hard in Darwin to ensure smooth sailing. View post tag: Sailing Authorities One of these teams consists of 14 officers from the Royal Australian Navy’s (RAN) Maritime Trade Operations (MTO) branch, a specialised capability that provides the link to the commercial maritime industry that enables protection of seaborne trade.MTO’s Deputy Director Operations, Lieutenant Commander Stephen Hurd, described the varied roles the MTO officers are playing during Exercise KAKADU.“MTO has a group of liaison officers embedded at the Darwin Harbour Control Centre and working in the field visiting merchant ships on a daily basis, along with liaison officers embedded in each coalition ship participating in the exercises.“These officers are supported by a small team within the Exercise Control headquarters, located at RAAF Darwin.“This group provides vital liaison between all participants and the commercial maritime industry, ensuring that disruption to merchant shipping is minimised, and that the exercise can proceed without interference,” Lieutenant Commander Hurd said.One of the key relationships maintained by the MTO team is with the Darwin Port Corporation, who coordinate shipping movements in and out of Darwin Harbour, and manage the berth and anchorage assignments for shipping, including Australian and international warships.The Harbour Control Manager for the Darwin Port Corporation, Mr Daniel Christophersen, oversees the team of people who operate the Harbour Control centre.“We deal with the Navy closely throughout the year, with several interactions daily, mostly dealing with the Armidale Class Patrol Boats that are based in Darwin.“There are also regular visits by larger Australian and international warships, many of which use our wharf facilities.“When an exercise like KAKAKDU is in full operation, the greater numbers of movements can impact merchant mariners, so the liaison service that the RAN MTO team provides are invaluable,” Mr Christophersen said.By virtue of their presence, the embedded MTO officers have been able to be proactive in deconflicting civil and military maritime activities, such as with the ARC Round the World Yacht Race.“Our liaison officers in the Harbour Control office found out that the Darwin to Bali leg of the race was set to kick off when most of the fleet were underway in the sea phase of Exercise KAKADU.“We were able to brief the race organisers, yacht masters and our Commanding Officers, and provide all of them with mutual awareness of each other’s activities.“This is one example of what we refer to as ‘White Shipping Deconfliction’, which is where we keep the civilian seafarers safe, and ensure the impact on shipping and the exercise is minimised,” Lieutenant Commander Hurd said.Maritime Trade Operations is a Reserve only capability that provides liaison between the Royal Australian Navy and the Australian Maritime and Shipping Industry in order to facilitate the protection of maritime trade and ensure better mutual understanding.Exercise KAKADU 2014 is Australia’s largest warfare exercise of 2014, with ships, aircraft, personnel and observers from 15 countries honing high-end warfighting capabilities.[mappress]Press Release, September 10, 2014; Image: Australian Navy View post tag: Naval View post tag: Officers View post tag: Ensure View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Royal Australian Navy RAN Officers Ensure Smooth Sailing during KAKADU Back to overview,Home naval-today RAN Officers Ensure Smooth Sailing during KAKADU View post tag: Asia-Pacific View post tag: KAKADU View post tag: Navy View post tag: Smooth September 10, 2014 Share this articlelast_img read more

Belfast

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Students and community members honor Dr. King’s legacy at ACC

first_imgAddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to MoreAddThisAlpena, Mich —Students and community members gathered today at Alpena Community College to celebrate the life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.The discussion, led by Instructor Matt Dunckel, covered Race as a Cultural Construct.The talk educated attendees about the origins of racism, and debunked myths that enforce its validity.Instructor Dunckel said during his lecture, “Scientific racism is a part of our inheritance as well, and there’s a pseudo–science that evolved around skin color.”Some participants in the discussion expressed the importance of honoring Dr. King’s legacy and making needed strides to a more inclusive society.ACC student Miya Ayala says “I think it’s important because he fought for civil rights for everyone, not just a certain race or debunking certain races. He was fighting for everyone.”Another student, Ashley Bridgewater, says, “It gets us together to really realize how many rights we have and how people still don’t have the rights in other countries, or even in our country today.”AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to MoreAddThis Tags: ACC, discussion, Dr. King, Martin Luther King, MLK DayContinue ReadingPrevious Digital license plate coming to Michigan soonNext Photo of the Day for Tuesday, January 22last_img read more

Duško Ivanović Will Be Presented Next Week

first_imgThe B&H Basketball Association will officially present the new coach next week, although it was previously announced that the ceremony will be held before the lottery for the qualifications group for the next Eurobasket.Due to the obligations of leaders of the Association, as well as of the new coach Duško Ivanović, the press conference will be scheduled for next week.All the details of his contract have been agreed on, and he will lead the B&H national team in the upcoming qualifying cycle, with the possibility of extending cooperation.(Source: radiosarajevo.ba)last_img