A diverse student body is at the core of Harvard’s academic mission, providing irreplaceable experiences for students who will work in an ever-more-diverse world, and enriching both in-class and extracurricular experiences in innumerable ways, a faculty report on campus diversity has found.The report — which was commissioned in January 2015 by President Drew Faust and Edgerley Family Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (FAS) Michael D. Smith, and was drafted by a committee led by Harvard College Dean Rakesh Khurana — found that Harvard’s commitment to student diversity is not a new development, though the idea of a diverse campus community has evolved over time, but rather a long-held belief in the power of being exposed to ideas, beliefs, cultures, and people different from those with which students may be comfortable.“Diversity and excellence go hand in hand. That’s something the College has known for a long time,” Khurana said. “Diversity is at the heart of the mission of the College and has been a critical element of it [since] modern Harvard emerged in the 19th century.”Approved Tuesday by the FAS faculty at a University Hall meeting, the report focuses on undergraduate student life and highlights numerous ways that the College has actively fostered a diverse campus community, in both the past and present. The vote, which approved the report as a statement of the values embraced by the faculty, comes amid a vigorous re-examination of diversity in its many guises across U.S. society.River House residents run past Adams House to celebrate Housing Day in Harvard Yard at Harvard University Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff PhotographerKhurana said though past reports have similarly found a diverse campus community to be key to the College’s educational mission, it’s important for each generation to re-examine the issue and its place in campus life.“It’s important for us to reaffirm these values in a way that makes sense for the current generation,” Khurana said.The committee, which also included Henry Ford II Professor of Human Evolution David Pilbeam, McLean Professor of Ancient and Modern History and of the Classics Emma Dench, Richard Clarke Cabot Professor of Social Ethics Mahzarin Banaji, Professor of History of Art and Architecture Yukio Lippit, and Plummer Professor of Christian Morals and Pusey Minister in the Memorial Church Jonathan Walton, met regularly through last fall. Committee members reviewed several types of documents, including Harvard President Neil Rudenstine’s 1996 report on the subject, along with amicus briefs in past affirmative-action court cases, and student surveys. The committee also benefited from the views of members of the Harvard community.The report is divided into sections examining the impact of diversity on facets of campus life. It looks at the importance of a diverse campus community to the College’s mission, the role it plays in student intellectual transformation, its influence on personal and social development, and its importance once students leave campus.“Diversity is important academically and intellectually for the University, but also as important as we consider what our graduates go on to do,” Pilbeam said. “The world is more diverse than ever.”Views of Eliot House at Harvard University. Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff PhotographerFor many in the Harvard community, an understanding and comfort with diverse experiences has been enhanced — or even developed entirely — at college. The college years are often the first exposure people have to different racial, ethnic, and national backgrounds, cultures, religions, and beliefs. Student surveys, which committee members reviewed, showed that students aren’t blind to the impact of the diverse community they find at Harvard.Large majorities of students said they have conversations with others of different racial and ethnic backgrounds “very frequently,” and 84 percent in one survey identified “the ability to relate well to people of different races, nations, and religions” as either “essential” or “very important,” according to the report. The senior survey also gave a view of student development over four years, with about two-thirds of graduating seniors saying their ability to relate well to people of different races, nations, and religions was “stronger” or “much stronger” than when they arrived on campus.“I think that being able to listen as tolerantly as possible to all kinds of opinions and to interact as tolerantly as possible with all kinds of people, and being as comfortable as possible doing that,” Pilbeam said, “to me, that is the true measure of being not just an educated person, but, in a non-elite sense, a cultured person.”The Class of 2019 is made up of 11.6 percent African-Americans, 21.1 percent Asian-Americans, 13 percent Latinos or Hispanics, and 1.5 percent Native Americans or Pacific Islanders, according to Admissions Office statistics. It also includes 11.6 percent international students and a range of economic backgrounds, with more than half of the class receiving financial aid. Of those students receiving aid, the average annual cost to their families was just $12,000 a year. As highlighted in the report, the University goes to great lengths to encourage not just a diverse student body, but one that interacts meaningfully. Those lengths include the non-random assembling of diverse students into freshman dormitory “entryways,” and the construction of and then randomization of Harvard’s upperclass Houses.Julia Carvalho ’14 and Ernest Afflu ’15 practice quidditch, the only co-ed contact sport offered at Harvard and features a unique mix of elements from rugby, dodgeball, and handball. The practice took place at the MAC Quad at Harvard University. Kris Snibbe/Harvard Staff PhotographerPilbeam said that over the last few decades, he has seen the transformation in the classrooms of some of the world’s top universities firsthand. He started teaching at Cambridge University, and taught at Yale University for a time before coming to Harvard.“The faces one sees in the classroom are very different than when I started in 1965,” Pilbeam said.In their report, committee members described the College’s commitment to student diversity as long-held, dating back to Harvard’s founding dedication to “the education of the English and Indian youth of this country,” but also as imperfect, as ideas of diversity change over time. In the 19th century, Khurana said, geographic and class diversity was embraced — though racial, religious, and gender diversity was still to come — as the institution’s leaders looked at Harvard as a place to educate not just youth from Massachusetts and the Northeast, but from across America as a way to strengthen the nation.“The arc of it has been toward greater and greater inclusion,” Khurana said. “Built into our DNA is continual questioning of this notion of who we are.”The House system was devised with building a diverse campus community as part of its foundation, according to the report. At the time, wealthier students lived and socialized apart from the less-well-off, who were arriving in increasing numbers. Part of the rationale for the Houses was to bring these groups together to forge a single student body. By the 1990s, it had become apparent that students had self-sorted into different Houses, which prompted College leaders to begin randomization of House assignments as a way to ensure the Houses themselves reflected the College’s overall diverse campus community.Students study in a hallway of the Science Center at Harvard University Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff PhotographerSelf-segregation — seeking out the comfort of things, people, and ideas that are familiar to us — is something that everyone does, Dench said. Despite living in an increasingly diverse society, easy access to the Internet and an array of digital tools makes it easier than ever to tailor communications, information sources, and ideas to those that people may already agree with, shielding them from people and ideas that are different. Yet it is the very discomfort that results from being exposed to unfamiliar people, situations, and ideas that provides the broadening experience central to an undergraduate education, members of the committee agreed.“You have to constantly take measures and get people of different backgrounds and experiences to talk to each other,” Dench said. “We have got to equip people to talk and listen to different points of view.”Harvard’s financial aid policies also represent an effort by College officials to diversify the student body. Admissions policies have long been “need-blind,” assuring that students would be accepted based on their qualifications, not their ability to pay. As financial aid resources have increased, the College has worked to ensure that students of any means would not only be accepted, but be financially able to attend. Under current financial aid policies, Harvard covers the full cost of tuition, room, board, and all associated student fees for families making less than $65,000.Students report the diverse backgrounds of classmates as being important in everything from classroom learning to extracurricular activities to athletics. Students are also encouraged to engage in international experience while at Harvard. The University’s Office of International Education runs about 250 study-abroad programs, and President Faust’s Innovation Fund for International Experiences encourages faculty members to develop creative and innovative international experiences for students.“We’re nothing without the fact of diversity, without trying to make mutual understanding better and putting it at the heart and center of what we do,” Dench said.Autumn views at Harvard University Rose Lincoln/Harvard Staff Photographer
A toxicology report has revealed that former world number one, Tiger Woods had five different drugs in his system when he was arrested for driving under the influence (DUI).The 41-year-old American, who on Wednesday pleaded guilty to reckless driving, had Vicodin, Dilaudid, Xanax, Ambien and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) in his system after the arrest last May.The 14-time major winner has now agreed to enter into a 12-month probation program which will wipe off his records after completion.In the early hours of May 29, Police officers found Tiger Woods asleep in his car and was arrested for DUI, an arrest that prompted the Golf star to seek professional medical help.Woods told reporters on Monday: “As I previously said, I received professional help to manage my medications,”“Recently, I had been trying on my own to treat my back pain and a sleep disorder, including insomnia, but I realize now it was a mistake to do this without medical assistance.”“I am continuing to work with my doctors, and they feel I’ve made significant progress. I remain grateful for the amazing support that I continue to receive and for the family and friends that are assisting me.”Related
Luke Voit injury update: Yankees first baseman (hernia) shares target return window Carrasco has a 4-6 record this season and has posted a 4.98 ERA in his 10th year with the Indians. The team has the third-lowest team ERA (3.67) in MLB and solid form from Carrasco could make its rotation even more formidable.Cleveland has had a good year and its 73-50 record leaves it just 1 1/2 games back from the AL Central-leading Twins. Adding another arm to the mix could be a huge plus for the remainder of the year. If Carrasco’s arm remains in good shape, he’ll make a rehab appearance and pitch an inning for Cleveland’s Double-A affiliate Monday.So long as Carlos Carrasco’s arm feels good today, he’ll throw an inning in a rehab appearance for Double-A Akron on Monday. The Indians will keep him on a reliever’s program, an idea that got Carrasco excited.“His eyes lit up,” Terry Francona said.— Zack Meisel (@ZackMeisel) August 17, 2019Carrasco’s initial goal of returning by the end of July didn’t pan out, but Indians manager Terry Francona thinks he’s trending in the right direction. Related News MLB would ‘benefit’ from mercy rule, Yankees manager Aaron Boone says Carlos Carrasco could be nearing a return to MLB.The Indians pitcher decided to step away from his team in July after being diagnosed with leukemia but faced live hitters for the first time in over a month on Friday. The 32-year-old right-hander threw to players on Cleveland’s Single-A affiliate. “It’s a huge boost to him,” Francona told reporters Friday ( via the team’s website ). “Even if this is all he did the rest of the year, you could see how excited he was to do it. That gives us a lift in itself. If it gets to the point that he comes back and helps us pitching, great. But just the fact that he’s on the mound and you see him smiling, that’s good in itself.”
In Conakry, Alkhaly Bangoura scored in stoppage time to give Guinea a dramatic 3-2 victory over fellow strugglers Libya in a must-win Group A match for both teams.Leading by two goals from midway through the first half, the Guineans were rocked when Libya netted twice within a minute in the closing stages to equalise.The first Guinean goal was scored by Naby Keita, who agreed this week to join Liverpool from RB Leipzig for the 2018-2019 season.Tunisia and the Democratic Republic of Congo, who meet Friday in Rades, share the lead with six points, Guinea have three and Libya none.There are five qualifiers scheduled for Friday, including Nigeria hosting Africa Cup of Nations title-holders Cameroon in a top-of-the-table Group B clash.Group E Ghana host Congo Friday in Kumasi and maximum points for the “Black Stars” will bring them back into contention for a fourth consecutive World Cup appearance.Only the five Africa zone group winners qualify for the 2018 tournament in Russia.Goal hero Okwi celebrates. PHOTO VIA @Atwine_DianaEgyptian raids thwartedLiverpool striker Mohamed Salah had two great chances to equalise after Egypt fell behind.His close-range header off a cross was magnificently parried by Uganda goalkeeper and 2016 Africa-based Footballer of the Year Denis Onyango.The loose ball fell in front of Mahmoud “Kahraba” Abdel Moneim, but he was unable to control it and fired over.Six minutes into stoppage time and opportunity knocked again for Salah, who has scored twice for Liverpool in three English Premier League matches this season. 3 Ghana201102−210–06 Nov—1 Sep Emma Okwi had a great game. PHOTO KCCA MEDIAUganda ?? 1 – Egypt 0 ?? : Livewire Okwi puts Uganda top of World Cup groupJohannesburg, South Africa | AFP | Livewire Emmanuel Okwi scored on 51 minutes to give Uganda a 1-0 victory over Egypt in Kampala Thursday and top place in a World Cup Africa zone qualifying group.Tanzania-based Okwi had been a constant menace down the right wing before scoring the only goal on a hot afternoon in the 45,000-seat Mandela National Stadium.A cross slid off the head of Ugandan Murushid Juuko and dropped at the feet of Okwi just inside the Egyptian box.He cut inside an Egyptian, took the ball across another, then unleashed a low shot that flew past 44-year-old goalkeeper Essam El Hadary into the far corner of the net.Victory lifted Uganda, who have never qualified for a World Cup, to seven points in Group E. Egypt have six, Ghana one and Congo Brazzaville none. Onyango failed to cut off a corner and Salah connected with the ball at the far post only for the goal-bound shot to rebound off the back of team-mate Ahmed Hegazy.The Egypt team that faced Uganda. PHOTO FUFA MEDIASalah and West Bromwich Albion defender Hegazy were among four Premier League footballers on show.Arsenal midfielder Mohamed Elneny also started and Stoke City winger Ramadan Sobhy was introduced at half-time by Argentine coach Hector Cuper.RELATED: 5 Sep—2–08 Oct TeamPldWDLGFGAGDPts 2 Egypt320142+26 1 Uganda321020+27 4 Congo200213−206 Nov1–25 Sep— —1–07 Oct1–0 #UGEGY TweetsShare on: WhatsApp
Mats Hummels flashed a powerful drive just wide and Sevilla goalkeeper David Soria turned away a stinging effort from Franck Ribery in the first half, while Bayern full-back Rafinha made a vital block to deny Pablo Sarabia.Joaquin Correa came closest to scoring at the Allianz Arena when the Argentine winger headed against the crossbar on 59 minutes, but Jupp Heynckes’s Bayern remain in the hunt for a sixth European title.Bayern will be joined in Friday’s draw for the last four by Liverpool, Roma and defending champions Real Madrid who overcame Juventus 4-3 on aggregate courtesy of a dramatic stoppage-time penalty from Cristiano Ronaldo.Share on: WhatsApp Real Madrid’s Portuguese forward Cristiano RonaldoMadrid, Spain | AFP | Cristiano Ronaldo scored a 97th-minute penalty to take Real Madrid through to the semi-finals of the Champions League on Wednesday, denying Juventus after a remarkable comeback by the Italian side.Ronaldo smashed home the decisive spot-kick at the death, after a furious Gianluigi Buffon was sent off for protesting the penalty award, as Real lost the quarter-final second leg 3-1 but won the tie 4-3 on aggregate.The tie had been heading for extra time as Mario Mandzukic’s first-half brace and a Blaise Matuidi goal put Juve 3-0 up on the night, levelling the tie after Madrid’s 3-0 victory in Italy last week.In Munich, Bayern Munich reached the Champions League semi-finals for the seventh time in nine seasons as Wednesday’s goalless draw at home to Sevilla sent the German side through 2-1 on aggregate.
Phase four, dubbed “new normal” and which comes once a vaccine or treatment is available, includes amusement parks, theme parks, gaming arcades, indoor or outdoor water parks, saunas, hot-tubs, and steam rooms at health clubs and other facilities, large-capacity venues used for group or spectator sports, entertainment, business, and cultural events.The state is also establishing a COVID enforcement and intervention team to ramp up enforcement in high risk communities. Next week the state will begin publishing new town-by-town data that shows which communities in Massachusetts are at high risk.The team will be mandated to increase enforcement and fines and assist local licensing boards if restaurants liquor licenses are suspended or cancelled due to failure to comply with required COVID-19 safety measures.Previously, public health officials were the order enforcers, but Baker said he was authorizing state and local police officers to enforce orders and event hosts who violate them will be subject to fines. Failure to follow the regulations could result in a fine of $50 for a first offense, up to $300 for a fourth, and subsequent, offenses.“People need to understand big groups especially if people don’t distance and don’t wear face coverings and don’t do any of the things that have been talked about time and time again create in many cases spread,” Baker said. “Thats a big part of why we’re enhancing enforcement for local and state police and why we’re lowering our outdoor gathering limit.”Cases on the Island are following the slight uptick trend seen across the state. While the Martha’s Vineyard Hospital reported no new cases of COVID-19 Friday, it has reported three new cases this month alone after having no new cases in June and nine in July.On Friday the total number of patients tested for the virus at the hospital since it began testing in March is 3,193. Of those, 40 have tested positive, 3,125 have tested negative, and 28 are pending results.The hospital’s new case marks four new confirmed cases of COVID-19 on Martha’s Vineyard since the start of the month. The other case comes from the TestMV site operated by Island Health Care (IHC) at Martha’s Vineyard Regional High School reported a new case Tuesday, bringing its total number of positives to 16. As of Thursday, TestMV has tested 7,818 patients, with 7,035 negatives, and 767 tests still pending. The TestMV site tests asymptomatic individuals.Over the past two weeks, TestMV had a backlog of more than 1,000 tests pending results, but has since cut that number in half. According to the IHC website, increased capacity at the Quest lab in Marlborough along with innovations in pool testing, turnaround times for test results are now averaging five days.Pool testing is when test samples are combined from several people and tested all at once to detect COVID-19. If a pooled test results in a negative, all samples can be presumed negative; if positive, all samples will need to be tested individually. This is helpful in an area such as Martha’s Vineyard, where the rate of positive tests is low.“We have recently increased capacity through several lab innovations. These include the use of specimen pooling, which is now in place at three of our laboratories, and improvements in RNA specimen extraction. We have also expanded our lab referral network to include a half dozen laboratories to facilitate greater access to COVID-19 molecular diagnostic testing,” a statement on IHC’s website from Quest reads. “We now have capacity to perform 150,000 COVID-19 molecular diagnostic tests a day. We expect to expand capacity further to 185,000 tests per day by Labor Day, with further gains possible.”While results will take longer for asymptomatic individuals, first responders and health care workers can continue to expect results within one to two days.On Thursday, the town of Aquinnah reported it has conducted 75 tests, with 69 total negatives and six pending results. The MVH, the town of Aquinnah, boards of health, and TestMV, the testing site at the Martha’s Vineyard Regional High School, each report their own testing numbers. Those numbers are then all compiled by the boards of health. The actual number of cases can be difficult to count due to lag time and overlaps in testing each day.Of all the Island’s positive cases, 49 are no longer symptomatic and have been released from isolation.The boards of health have linked 23 of the confirmed cases to several cases among eight different household groups. Of the 56 confirmed cases, 34 are female, and 22 are male. Of those, 15 of the cases are aged 50-59 years old, 13 are 20-29 years old, eight cases are 60-69 years old, six are 30-39 years old, eight are 20 years old or younger, three are 40-49, and three are 70 years or older.The boards of health are also reporting on probable cases. The Island’s total number of presumed positives is 20. Of those 17 were positive antibody tests, and three were symptomatically positive.Of the probable cases, 12 are female and eight are male. Of the 20 presumed positive cases, seven are aged 60-69, four are aged 50-59, three are aged 40-49, three are aged 20-29, two are under 20 years old, and one is over the age of 70.At the state level Thursday, there were 162 new confirmed cases, bringing the state total to 111,533. There were 32 new deaths which brought the total number of deaths to 8,470. There have been 1,262,877 tests conducted across Massachusetts. On Friday, Gov. Charlie Baker announced he was reducing outdoor gatherings from 100 to 50 people, indefinitely postponing step two of phase three, and other initiatives to prevent the spread of COVID-19 as the state grapples with a slight increase in positive cases.Baker said the state’s notable decline of hospitalizations, confirmed cases, positivity rate, and other health data indicators since May has caused some people to feel too lax about the seriousness of the virus.The state’s seven day average number of positive COVID-19 cases — a key piece of data the state is following — is up .4 percent to 2.1 percent. Updated 2:30 pm “We can not say this enough, COVID-19 is highly contagious and deadly for individuals who are older, who have pre existing conditions or comorbidity and in many cases for people of color,” Baker said. “In the past few weeks we have seen an uptick in some communities here in the commonwealth.”Baker listed several parties, weddings, fishing charters, and unauthorized camps contributed to community spread.Step two of phase three includes activities with greater potential impact for contact such as indoor theaters, roller skating, and laser tag. Updated to include more information on Island cases and Baker’s announcement. — Ed.