The growth and reproduction of Antarctic flowering plants

first_imgThe presence of flowering plants within the Antarctic botanical zone (as defined by Greene 1964 a) has been known for nearly 150 years. The first to be discovered was a small, wiry grass of tufted or mat-forming habit, now called Deschampsia antarctica Desv., while the second proved to be a small cushion-forming pearlwort—Colobanthus crassifolius (D’Urv.) Hook. f. Skottsberg (1954) provided the first maps of their Antarctic distribution and summarized the small amount of information available about their reproduction and behaviour. As known at present, the two species extend from Neny Island (68° 12′ S, 67° 02′ W) in Marguerite Bay, northwards along the west coast of the Antarctic Peninsula to many islands of the Scotia Ridge (figure 59). Elsewhere D. antarctica reaches as far north as ca. 34° S in South America and eastwards to some of the Sub-Antarctic islands of the south Indian Ocean. The world distribution of C. crassifolius is uncertain owing to taxonomic confusion about the relationship of plants in New Zealand with those in South America, as well as doubts about the homogeneity of the taxon in the latter area. If the species in South America is considered in its widest sense, i.e. as embracing all the ‘grassyleaved pearl worts’, then C. crassifolius sensu lato extends much farther north than D. antarctica, certainly well into Peru (to 12° S), with localities north of the equator in Mexico.last_img read more

Fonta Flora Brewery Expands

first_imgThe Morganton, NC-based Fonta Flora Brewery announced yesterday that it is opening a new location on a historic farm site near Lake James and the Linville Gorge.The new facility will be situated on 8 acres just three miles from the the brewery’s namesake—a defunct community which was evacuated and flooded during the creation of Lake James late in the 19th century.Fonta Flora, which is widely touted throughout Western North Carolina and the national craft beer community for its “farm-focused”approach to brewing, secured the expansion with help from the Foothills Conservancy of North Carolina.“After more than two years of crafting beer in a tiny building in downtown Morganton, we are damn pleased to officially announce our expansion plan and vision,” Fonta Flora wrote in a Facebook post issued shortly after yesterday’s announcement.“Although it has taken the better part of a year we have secured one of the most scenic and historic pieces of property in Burke County. Nestled at the foot of the Linville Gorge, we have acquired 8 acres of land, adorned with historic stone barns that use to house Whippoorwill Dairy Farm.”Plans for the new facility include the construction of a 4,500 square foot barn which will house the future production floor and the renovation of a stacked-stone milking parlor which will be used for packaging and barrel cellaring.Fonta Flora plans to continue and expand on its farm-focused philosophy by using the acreage, which butts up against the Linville River, to grow much of its own produce.“In keeping with our brewing philosophy of utilizing local agriculture into our craft beers, we plan to cultivate the land through annual gardens and a perennial hop yard and orchards. We will plant harder-to-find fruit trees such as paw paw fruit, persimmons, figs and elderberries to help us craft beers with a true sense of place. In addition, brewing adjuncts such as carrots, beets, fennel and bloody butcher corn will all come from the property.”The brewery says its current location in downtown Morganton will remain open and  the new location will open sometime before the end of the year.You can learn more about Font Flora Brewery and stay up to date with their unique expansion project by following them on Facebook.For more info about farm-based brewing operations throughout the Blue Ridge region click here.[divider]Related Articles[/divider]last_img read more

IMCA Speedway Motors Weekly Racing National Point Standings Through March 8

first_imgIMCA Modifieds – 1. Chaz Baca, Mesa, Ariz., 634; 2. Hunter Marriott, Brookfield, Mo., 596; 3. Ricky Thornton Jr., Chandler, Ariz., 404; 4. Spencer Wilson, Minot, N.D., 382; 5. Cody Laney, Torrance, Calif., 369; 6. Marlyn Seidler, Underwood, N.D., 341; 7. Kelsie Foley, Tucson, Ariz., 337; 8. Tim Ward, Chandler, Ariz., 287; 9. Russell Allen, Brawley, Calif., 272; 10. Lance Mari, Impe­rial, Calif., 270; 11. Jason Wolla, Ray, N.D., 269; 12. Jeffrey Abbey, Comanche, Texas, 264; 13. Cory Sample, Winnemucca, Nev., and Colin Deming, Hobbs, N.M., both 261; 15. Garth Du­shanek, Avondale, Ariz., 259; 16. Brent Schlafmann, Bismarck, N.D., 253; 17. Casey Arneson, Fargo, N.D., 241; 18. Shawn Strand, Mandan, N.D., 240; 19. Ryan Gaylord, Lakewood, Colo., 239; 20. Ethan Dotson, Bakersfield, Calif., 232.IMCA RaceSaver Sprint Cars – 1. John Ricketts, Burleson, Texas, 40; 2. Chad Wilson, North Richland Hills, Texas, 39; 3. Michael Day, Greenville, Texas, 38; 4. Marcus Thomas, Corsicana, Texas, 36; 5. Channin Tankersley, Dayton, Texas, 35; 6. Monty Ferriera, Fresno, Calif., 33; 7. Chad Koch, Lakeside City, Texas, 32; 8. Joshua Hawkins, Whitehouse, Texas, 31; 9. Claud Es­tes III, Godley, Texas, 30; 10. Shane Thompson, Garland, Texas, 27; 11. Robert Vetter, Wolfe City, Texas, 26; 12. Logan Scherb, Decatur, Texas, 25; 13. Chance McCrary, Farmersville, Texas, 24; 14. Tommy Hall, Natchitoches, La., 22; 15. Austin Mundie, Carrollton, Texas, 21; 16. Michael E. Scott, Midwest City, Okla., 20; 17. Justin Zimmerman, Athens, Texas, 19.IMCA Sunoco Stock Cars – 1. Dean Abbey, Roanoke, Texas, 265; 2. Cody Center, Mesa, Ariz., 260; 3. Westin Abbey, Comanche, Texas, 251; 4. Dennis Losing, Apache Junction, Ariz., 246; 5. Kirk Martin, Weatherford, Texas, 234; 6. Mark Adams, Fort Worth, Texas, 210; 7. Elijah Zevenber­gen, Ocheyedan, Iowa, 189; 8. Vance Honea, Phoenix, Ariz., 175; 9. Dennis Bis­sonnette, Stephenville, Texas, 170; 10. Nicholas Langer, Glendale, Ariz., 169; 11. William Gould, Calera, Okla., 167; 12. Shelby Williams, Bonham, Texas, 164; 13. Bryce Pritchett, Combine, Texas, 150; 14. Cayden Carter, Oskaloosa, Iowa, 146; 15. Zach Spillman, Marble Falls, Texas, 144; 16. G. W. Egbert IV, Belton, Texas, 139; 17. Duain Pritchett, Combine, Texas, 138; 18. Jody York, Lubbock, Texas, 136; 19. Jason Rogers, Selden, Kan., 129; 20. Kenny Merritt, Lorena, Texas, 127IMCA Sunoco Hobby Stocks – 1. Bradley Stafford, Desert Hills, Ariz., 253; 2. Allen Hakes, Phoe­nix, Ariz., 238; 3. Max Zachrison, Surprise, Ariz., 217; 4. Kyle Cardinal, Paradise Valley, Ariz., 200; 5. Joe Vlasity, Glendale, Ariz., 196; 6. Brian Johnson, Yuma, Ariz., 145; 7. Lenna Mil­ler, Yuma, Ariz., 133; 8. James Robinson, Yuma, Ariz., and Leonard L. Manos, Yuma, Ariz., both 107; 10. Jason T. Beshears, Yuma, Ariz., 102; 11. David Irvin, Clarkdale, Ariz., 99; 12. Mike Er­win, Yuma, Ariz., and Rick Hibbard, Yuma, Ariz., both 98; 14. Brady Bencken, Oakley, Kan., and Ryan Wilkerson, Midland, Texas, both 79; 16. Brent Wofford, Yuma, Ariz., and Michael Watkins, Hawley, Texas, both 74; 18. Scott Jeffery, Yuma, Ariz., 73; 19. Adam Goff, Minot, N.D., 72; 20. Michael Whissen, Yuma, Ariz., 71.Karl Chevrolet Northern SportMods – 1. Jason George, Laveen, Ariz., 600; 2. Chase Alves, Chandler, Ariz., 561; 3. Mark Harrison, Coolidge, Ariz., 422; 4. Chris Toth, Holtville, Calif., 385; 5. Mark Madrid, Phoenix, Ariz., 355; 6. Kyle Smith, Yuma, Ariz., 354; 7. Austin Howes, Memphis, Mo., 281; 8. Fred Ryland, Brentwood, Calif., 280; 9. Arie Schouten, Blair, Neb., 263; 10. Bo Par­tain, Casa Grande, Ariz., 260; 11. Ethan Braaksma, Newton, Iowa, 253; 12. Sean Isaacks, Tuc­son, Ariz., 252; 13. Wayne Dotson, Bakersfield, Calif., 228; 14. Miles Morris, Yuma, Ariz., 227; 15. Chase Rudolf, Prole, Iowa, and Marlowe Wrightsman, Peoria, Ariz., both 217; 17. Brady Bjella, Williston, N.D., 213; 18. Eric Folstad, Glenburn, N.D., 207; 19. Dennis Gates, Claypool, Ariz., 180; 20. Jorddon Braaten, Central Point, Oregon, 179.Smiley’s Racing Products Southern SportMods – 1. Tyler Bragg, Springtown, Texas, 272; 2. Trevor Raney, Sherman, Texas, 254; 3. Gabe Tucker, Carbon, Texas, 226; 4. Ronnie Bell, Lo­rena, Texas, 171; 5. Justin Nabors, Kemp, Texas, 167; 6. Shane Priddy, Merkel, Texas, 147; 7. Justin Shaw, Sweetwater, Texas, 145; 8. Steve Hayes, Eastland, Texas, 143; 9. Thomas Walp, Olney, Texas, 121; 10. Scot Raney, Sherman, Texas, 112; 11. James McCreery, Midlothian, Texas, 96; 12. Terry Owen, Abilene, Texas, 91; 13. Gerald Henderson, Georgetown, Texas, 90; 14. Kyle Wilkins, Italy, Texas, 81; 15. Rodney White, Ector, Texas, 80; 16. Devin Burgess, Stephen­ville, Texas, 79; 17. Doug Easterling, Rule, Texas, and Tyler Fain, Tuscola, Texas, both 73; 19. George Egbert III, Salado, Texas, 71; 20. Robby Crabtree, Clyde, Texas, 69.Mach-1 Sport Compacts – 1. Howard Watson, Weatherford, Texas, 139; 2. Julia Childs, Weather­ford, Texas, 135; 3. Harold Clifton, Stephenville, Texas, 113; 4. Clifton Whisenant, Proc­tor, Texas, 110; 5. Brian Bagent, Killeen, Texas, 108; 6. Scott Newbury, Rhome, Texas, 105; 7. Rick Saupp, Stephenville, Texas, 100; 8. Jack Lewis, Temple, Texas, 99; 9. Bill Hall, Killeen, Texas, 94; 10. Pamela Whisenant, Proctor, Texas, 71; 11. Dakota Dees, Weatherford, Texas, 66; 12. Billy Ayres Jr., Phoenix, Ariz., 33; 13. Jacquelyn Parmeley, Phoenix, Ariz., and Blake Andrus, Sweetwater, Texas, both 32.last_img read more

Luke Shaw: Manchester United man suffers double leg fracture

first_imgFull-back Luke Shaw suffered a double fracture of his right leg in Manchester United’s Champions League loss at PSV Eindhoven.Shaw, 20, will have an operation on his return to Manchester, the club said.He received oxygen while being treated on the pitch for 10 minutes after Hector Moreno’s tackle.”It is awful. It was a very bad tackle. He had the oxygen mask on and was crying in the dressing room,” said manager Louis van Gaal.The left-back started each of United’s eight games this season, as well as playing in England’s European Championship qualifiers against San Marino and Switzerland. Yet with just nine months to go until Euro 2016, Shaw has suffered a broken tibia and fibula.When Arsenal midfielder Aaron Ramsey suffered a similar injury against Stoke in 2010, he was ruled out for nine months.Less than an hour after suffering the injury Shaw wrote on Twitter:  “Thank you everyone for your messages, words can’t describe how gutted I am, my road to recovery starts now, I will come back stronger.”Former PSV man Memphis Depay scored the opener for the visitors in Eindhoven, before Moreno headed in an equaliser on the stroke of half-time.Luciano Narsingh then nodded home in the second half to secure a 2-1 victory. Shaw as he was taken off the pitchMexican centre-back Moreno was not booked for the challenge on Shaw and Van Gaal was not happy that the referee took no action.”A boy who came to Manchester United at 18 years old, it was very difficult, and the next season he plays fantastic and then that happens like this,” said the Dutchman.”When I say it is a red card and penalty, you will say I am a bad loser. Every word I say is taken in the wrong way. It was in the 18-yard box and it was very bad tackle with two legs. “I’m not a doctor so I cannot say, but when you have a double fracture it is four to six months. But you can never say that in advance.”He won’t play in the group stage, I don’t think. I hope he will play again this season.”–Follow Joy Sports on Twitter: @Joy997FM. Our hashtag is #JoySportslast_img read more